Elongated stitches are one of the simplest yet most effective variations of knitting stitches. The longer loops of elongated stitches add a striking and unexpected impact to your knitted items. 

Elongated stitches are achieved by winding the yarn two, three or even four times round the right-hand knitting needle before pulling it through the loop of the left-hand needle to form the next stitch. The extra loops over the needle are allowed to fall on the following row. This keeps the number of stitches constant while making the knitted stitch loops much longer.

Combining elongated stitches with cable twists can be very effective. It results in a special loose weave criss-cross design.

Simple wavy designs can be created for borders by elongating stitches in sequences. It is particularly useful for loose-weave knitting with very fluffy yarn such as angora wool to make a light-weight wrap, scarf or bed-jacket.

One of the big disadvantages of elongated stitches is that the knitted loops, because they are loose, easily snag on things and the thread gets pulled. It is not therefore suitable for work clothes or children’s play clothes.

Entire rows of stitches can be elongated, or just isolated stitches. If isolated stitches are elongated, they are usually slipped the following row, then knitted or crossed before knitting a row or two further on creating a different texture to the work.

Interesting stitches can be created by combining elongated stitches with ribs and cables too.  It is definitely worth trying out some of the combinations with the use of elongated stitches when you next knit an item.

Examples of Elongated Stitches

Elongated Stitches in Stocking Stitch

Elongated stitches in stocking stitch creates interesting horizontal strips in your fabric.

Elongated Stitches in Moss Stitch

Elongated stitches in Moss Stitch    Instructions:
    Cast on an odd numberof stitches
    Rows 1 - 4:   *k1, p1* end with k1
    Row 5 and 6:   *yrnx2k* to end

    These 6 rows form the stitch pattern sequence for the
    elongated stitches in moss stitch

Double Row of Elongated Stitches in Stocking Stitch with Garter Stitch Edge

Elongated Stitches in Stocking Stitch    Instructions:
    Cast on any number of stitches.
    Row 1, 3 and 5: k
    Row 2 and 4: p
    Row 6: *yrnx2k*to end
    Row 7: *yrnx2k into back of each st, letting the extra loop fall* to end
    Row 8: k 
Repeat these 8 rows for the stitch pattern sequence for the Elongated stitches in Stocking stitch.

You can make the elongated stitches even longer by winding the yarn an extra time or two round the needle before knitting each stitch.
You can knit just single elongated stitch rows, or more as you desire.
You can knit elongated rows without the garter stitch edging - aa single elongated stitch row in stocking stitch is illustrated below:

Elongated stitches in stocking stitch

You can knit the entire fabric in garter stitch elongating every 6th row.
You can knit any stitch of your choice in the panels between the elongated stitches.
You can twist the elongated stitch by knitting into the back of each elongated stitch loop, or you can leave the stitches untwisted by knitting as usual into the front of each stitch.

If the loops are too long, they are likely to get snagged easily and spoil your garment.

Fern Fronds elongated Stitch  

Crossed Elongated Stitches in Horizontal Rows
The elongated crossed stitch makes an interesting motif for an edging.  The elongated stitches might snag easily.
Crossed Elongated Stitches     Instructions:
    Cast on a multiple of 6 sts
    Row 1 and 3: k
    Row 2 and 4: p
    Row 5: *yrnx3p*to end
    Row 6: *place 3 sts onto a cable needle to the front of your work allowing the extra loops to drop,
    k3 allowing loops to drop, k the 3 sts on the cable needle* to end
In the sample above, for the top line of crossed elongated stitches, the yarn was only wrapped round the needle twice.
In the lower row, it was wrapped round the needle three times.

These 6 rows form the sequence for the sequence for the crossed elongated stitch.